In addition to the Nova config options, compute-hyperv has a few extra configuration options. For a sample configuration file, refer to Configuration sample.

Driver configuration

In order to use the compute-hyperv Nova driver, the following configuration option will have to be set in the nova.conf file:

compute_driver = compute_hyperv.driver.HyperVDriver

And for Hyper-V Clusters, the following:

compute_driver = compute_hyperv.cluster.driver.HyperVClusterDriver
instances_path = path\to\cluster\wide\storage\location
sync_power_state_interval = -1

handle_virt_lifecycle_events = False

By default, the OpenStack Hyper-V installer will configure the nova-compute service to use the compute_hyperv.driver.HyperVDriver driver.

Storage configuration

When spawning instances, nova-compute will create the VM related files ( VM configuration file, ephemerals, configdrive, console.log, etc.) in the location specified by the instances_path configuration option, even if the instance is volume-backed.

It is not recommended for Nova and Cinder to use the same storage location, as that can create scheduling and disk overcommitment issues.

Nova instance files location

By default, the OpenStack Hyper-V installer will configure nova-compute to use the following path as the instances_path:

instances_path = C:\OpenStack\Instances

instances_path can be set to an SMB share, mounted or unmounted:

# in this case, X is a persistently mounted SMB share.
instances_path = X:\OpenStack\Instances

# or
instances_path = \\SMB_SERVER\share_name\OpenStack\Instances

Alternatively, CSVs can be used:

instances_path = C:\ClusterStorage\Volume1\OpenStack\Instances

When the compute hosts are using different CSVs, Nova must be configured not to delete unused images since its image caching mechanism can’t properly track the image file usage in this case.

remove_unused_base_images = False

Block Storage (Cinder) configuration

This section describes Nova configuration options that handle the way in which Cinder volumes are consumed.

When having multiple paths connecting the host to the storage backend, make sure to enable the following config option:

use_multipath_io = True

This will ensure that the available paths are actually leveraged. Also, before attempting any volume connection, it will ensure that the MPIO service is enabled and that passthrough block devices (iSCSI / FC) are claimed by MPIO. SMB backed volumes are not affected by this option.

In some cases, Nova may fail to attach volumes due to transient connectivity issues. The following options specify how many and how often retries should be performed.

# Those are the default values.
volume_attach_retry_count = 10
volume_attach_retry_interval = 5

# The following options only apply to disk scan retries.
mounted_disk_query_retry_count = 10
mounted_disk_query_retry_interval = 5

When having one or more hardware iSCSI initiators, you may use the following config option, explicitly telling Nova which iSCSI initiator to use:

iscsi_initiator_list = PCI\VEN_1077&DEV_2031&SUBSYS_17E8103C&REV_02\\4&257301f0&0&0010_0, PCI\VEN_1077&DEV_2031&SUBSYS_17E8103C&REV_02\4&257301f0&0&0010_1

The list of available initiators may be retrieved using:


If no iSCSI initiator is specified, the MS iSCSI Initiator service will only pick one of the available ones when establishing iSCSI sessions.

Live migration configuration

For live migrating virtual machines to hosts with different CPU features the following configuration option must be set in the compute node’s nova.conf file:

limit_cpu_features = True

Keep in mind that changing this configuration option will not affect the instances that are already spawned, meaning that instances spawned with this flag set to False will not be able to live migrate to hosts with different CPU features, and that they will have to be shut down and rebuilt, or have the setting manually set.

Whitelisting PCI devices

After the assignable PCI devices have been prepared for Hyper-V (PCI passthrough host configuration), the next step is whitelist them in the compute node’s nova.conf.

# this is a list of dictionaries, more dictionaries can be added.
passthrough_whitelist = [{"vendor_id": "<dev_vendor_id>", "product_id": "<dev_product_id>"}]

The vendor_id and product_id necessary for the passthrough_whitelist can be obtained from assignable PCI device’s InstanceId:


The InstanceId should have the following format:


The <vendor_id> and <product_id> can be extracted and used in the nova.conf file. After the configuration file has been changed, the nova-compute service will have to be restarted.

Afterwards, the nova-api and nova-scheduler services will have to be configured. For this, check the nova PCI passthrough configuration guide.

Distributed locking configuration

In order to avoid race conditions, our driver relies on distributed locks. A distributed lock backend such as etcd, mysql or a file share will have to be configured.

The following configuration will use etcd 3 as a lock backend:

backend_url = etcd3+http://etcd_address:2379


The etcd3gw python package is required when using etcd 3. This does not apply to the v2 etcd API, which may be requested through etcd://etcd_address:2379.

In order to use a file share, set the following:

backend_url = file:////share_addr/share_name